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Manage consumption

Consumption management is a set of methods and actions that are used to optimize consumption. These methods are usually divided into three groups:
The first group: There are methods that do not have a cost, such as proper use of equipment and devices and their care and maintenance.
The second group: There are methods that have costs but these costs are not so high (low cost methods) such as equipment maintenance, measuring energy consumption in different devices of a factory and monitoring the change of consumption of each device, insulation of pipes and Channels, implementation of training programs on energy reduction methods.
The third group: are costly methods. In these methods, fundamental changes must be made to improve energy consumption in devices, facilities and buildings, for example, if the factory is old and old, if necessary and possible to save energy, its devices should be replaced with new devices or additional devices to prevent Install energy waste or if the building is old, all heating and cooling facilities should be replaced.
We are all energy consumers and use one type of energy at home, on the street, at work and on the go. In order to be able to better manage energy consumption, it is necessary to create a division between these different consumers and divide them into several parts. These sections are:
Other consumers
Each of these sections uses one type of energy the most. In consumption management, we must each suggest appropriate methods that are beneficial to their consumers.
Home and commercial sectors
This section is for consumers of energy appliances and consumers who are at home or in shops and home stores such as refrigerators, freezers, televisions, washing machines, vacuum cleaners, stoves, lighting and heating and cooling devices. In this section, most of the electricity is used and its most important consumption is for heating, cooling and lighting. In our country, 34% of energy, ie about one third of energy, is consumed in this sector. Therefore, energy management practices in this sector are very important. Consumption management measures in this sector include various cases. Awareness and education of consumers is the first important step. As we said, all people in any situation are energy consumers in the home and business sectors. They use both energy equipment and the services of shopping malls and transportation networks. For this reason, consumer awareness and education should be done at all ages and all social strata. Teaching students the right ways to use home appliances by teachers and educators, publishing books and pamphlets for children and adolescents, publishing manuals on the correct use of devices and broadcasting radio and television programs are methods that can be used optimally. Energy used them. Another method of energy management in this sector is to ask manufacturers to build devices and buildings with optimal energy consumption. We know that our refrigerators and freezers use more energy than the global standard. Also, buildings, shops and stores can be designed to reduce energy consumption, for example, you can use more sunlight to illuminate the building or the building is well insulated so that cold does not penetrate from outside to inside the building and heat from Do not go outside.
Industries Department
This section refers to the consumption of energy that is consumed in factories to produce a variety of goods and provide them to consumers. All factories are big consumers of energy, but some of them consume more energy than others. This group is called high energy factories. Cement, steel, and metal factories, as well as power plants, that is, power plants, consume a lot of energy in the form of electricity or fuel. The type of energy consumed in industries is not the same and depends on the type of industry. Chemical industries use more fossil energy (oil and gas) and metal industries (with electric furnaces such as steel, aluminum, iron, copper) more electricity is used. In some industries, such as cement, paper making And the food industry (such as the sugar industry) uses almost the same amount of both types of energy. In our country, approximately 27%, ie about one third of the total energy is consumed in this sector. But it should be noted that energy consumption in this sector - which is currently less than the domestic and commercial sector - is increasing rapidly, because our country is under construction and the number of factories is increasing day by day. Therefore, consumption management practices in this sector are also important. Consumption management measures in the industrial sector include several important categories, which are: education and awareness, energy auditing, load management and energy recovery.
Training and awareness
The first step is training and awareness raising. Organizing training courses and seminars, publishing books and preparing training videos for factory managers and technicians, teaches them ways to properly use the tools and methods of control and monitoring, and facilities for optimizing energy consumption. The experience of different countries has shown that education and awareness programs can play an effective role in reducing and optimizing energy consumption. Estimates show that measures taken in this area have reduced energy by up to 20%. Education and awareness in each of the energy-intensive sectors has a special form that will be mentioned in each case.
Update history: 2021/04/12
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